Venezuela’s Symbol of Hope

Wall Street JournalThe mayhem in Venezuela is rising and dictator Nicolás Maduro knows he’s in trouble because on Saturday his security services moved opposition leader Leopoldo López to house arrest from Ramo Verde military prison.

Mr. López’s release is a victory for a weary opposition that has been protesting in the streets since April, demanding new elections and freedom for political prisoners. The National Guard and police have responded with violent crackdowns, and last week Mr. Maduro’s goons stormed the national assembly and beat two opposition congressmen bloody. The death toll now exceeds 90 and there are still more than 400 political prisoners.

Mr. Maduro called Mr. López’s release a humanitarian gesture, and at least the 46-year-old opposition leader is reunited with his wife and two young children. But he was fitted with an electronic bracelet and continues to serve what remains of his nearly 14-year sentence on trumped up charges of inciting violence during protests in 2014.

Mr. Maduro fears that if Mr. López were free to campaign he would galvanize the opposition and force an election Mr. Maduro would lose. (See Vanessa Neumann nearby.) Mr. Maduro has instead decided to throw out the constitution written under Hugo Chávez and have his followers draft a new one that will make the dictatorship official by shutting down the opposition-controlled legislature. The election for the assembly that will rewrite the constitution is scheduled for July 30. The opposition is vowing to abstain from what is certain to be a rigged vote.

Venezuelans will have to liberate themselves, but international attention on Mr. López may have played a role in his release. The Obama Administration did nothing to highlight Venezuela’s slide to authoritarian chaos, and the U.S. and Latin American countries can do more to call out Mr. Maduro’s constitution gambit. Meanwhile, even under house arrest the courageous Mr. López remains a symbol of Venezuelan hope.

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During the last several decades, the United States has invested billions of dollars in trying to help the governments of Latin America and the Caribbean deliver better lives for their citizens. This has meant helping them increase internal security by combating the illicit growing and trafficking in narcotics and the activities of terrorist groups, as well as helping them to shore up their democratic and free market institutions.

Unfortunately, in recent years, continued progress in these areas has been threatened, not least by the radical populist governments in Venezuela, Bolivia, and elsewhere. These governments have instituted retrograde agendas that include the propagation of class warfare, state domination of the economy, assaults on private property, anti-Americanism, support for such international pariahs as Iran, Russia, and even transnational criminal organizations.

We are a group of concerned policy experts that fear the results of these destructive agendas for individual freedom, prosperity, and the well-being of the peoples of the region. Our goal is to inform policymakers and international public opinion of the dangers of these radical populist regimes to inter-American security.