Archive for the ‘Mexico’ Category

Is Mexico Doing Enough to Secure Its Southern Border?

| July 18th, 2014 | No Comments »
FUSION

BY TED HESSON

Sneaking north into Mexico wasn’t easy, according to Brandon, who was 14 years old when he left his hometown in Guatemala last April to rejoin his parents in the United States.

A smuggler hired to get Brandon across the border led him on a five-hour hike across rough terrain and through sweltering heat to avoid Mexican border checkpoints.

“I suffered a lot,” Brandon told Fusion during a recent interview in Virginia. “It was really hot. There were a lot of thorns and my shoes broke. I got blisters on my feet.”

The month-long trip didn’t get any easier after that. The coyote warned Brandon’s group that capture by the Mexican federal police meant deportation or bribery. “He said that if they found us, they would arrest everyone.”

Still, Mexican immigration enforcement was no comparison to what he faced when he entered the U.S. After crossing the Rio Grande border into South Texas, Brandon was ... Read More

Mexico makes promises, but little changes at Guatemala border

| July 17th, 2014 | No Comments »
Dallas News

CIUDAD HIDALGO, Mexico — Mexico is promising to stem the flow of Central American migrants to the U.S. by tightening control at its notoriously porous Guatemalan border.

But messages from the country’s top two leaders in little more than a week have provided few details on how. And the scene on the ground is business as usual.

Dozens of Central Americans who paid $1.50 a head could be seen this week crossing the broad Suchiate River on improvised rafts of inner tubes and wooden boards, in full view of Mexican police on the shore and immigration agents posted on a bridge overhead.

“I don’t see anything has changed,” Guatemalan Luisa Fuentes, 56, said as she rode a raft to Mexico.

La Bestia, a decrepit freight train that takes migrants north from the border state of Chiapas, still carried many riders on its roof.

President Enrique Peña Nieto’s government says it is catching and deporting far ... Read More

18 meses del sexenio de Peña: 16,174 ejecuciones

| July 17th, 2014 | No Comments »
Excelsior

Podemos decir que quizás alrededor de 60% de los homicidios en México tienen que ver con el crimen organizado.

Por Leo Zuckermann

En mayo de este año aumentaron en 18% las ejecuciones relacionadas con el crimen organizado, comparadas con las del mes inmediato anterior: de 658 en abril, pasamos a 777. Esto, de acuerdo con la base de datos de Lantia, consultora especializada en temas de seguridad. Contabilizando el total de este tipo de homicidios en los primeros 18 meses del sexenio del presidente Peña Nieto, tenemos un total de 16 mil 174, un promedio de 30 por día.

En las cifras de Lantia hay una mala noticia: se revirtió la tendencia de tres meses a la baja en las ejecuciones que había comenzado en febrero de este año. De hecho, en mayo regresamos a casi 800 ejecuciones en el mes, cifra muy similar a la que se dio en febrero. La segunda quincena ... Read More

Cómo Se Dice, “Lost in Translation”?

| July 16th, 2014 | No Comments »
Foreign Policy

On immigration, drugs, and virtually every other pressing policy issue, why can’t the United States and Mexico stop talking past each other?

BY CARLOS PUIG

By now, the number is well known: From October 2013 to June 15 of this year, 52,000 unaccompanied children and teenagers were caught at the American border with Mexico, twice the number for the same period in the previous year. Responding to the influx of young migrants and the public outcry they’ve provoked, President Barack Obama has asked Congress to provide nearly $4 billion to establish new detention facilities, increase aerial surveillance capacity, and hire more immigration judges to speed up the processing of the detained. The proposal has been met with skepticism, not only from Obama’s political opponents, but also from immigration activists who argue that it is yet another example of the U.S. effort to stem the flow of migrants withoutaddressing systemic problems in Central America — gang violence, weak rule ... Read More

Flow of Central American immigrants through Mexico shows no signs of slowing

| July 16th, 2014 | No Comments »
FoxNews

CIUDAD HIDALGO, Mexico –  Mexico is promising to stem the flow of Central American migrants to the United States by tightening control at its notoriously porous Guatemalan border.

But messages from the country’s top two leaders in little more than a week have provided few details on how. And the scene on the ground is business as usual.

Dozens of Central Americans who paid $1.50 a head could be seen this week crossing the broad Suchiate River on improvised rafts of inner tubes and wooden boards, in full view of Mexican police on the shore and immigration agents posted on a bridge overhead.

“I don’t see anything has changed,” Guatemalan Luisa Fuentes, 56, said as she rode a raft to Mexico.

“La Bestia,” a decrepit freight train that carries migrants north from the border state of Chiapas, still carried many riders on its roof.

President Enrique Pena Nieto’s government says it is catching and deporting ... Read More

Republicans push Obama to secure US-Mexico border

| July 15th, 2014 | No Comments »
The Washington Examiner

BY ZACK COLMAN

Republicans called on President Obama to dispatch National Guardtroops to the United States-Mexico border while Congress works out potential fixes to policies some say have contributed to a rash of Central American immigrants arriving through Mexico.

GOP Texas Gov. Rick Perry said that Obama should “pick up the phone” — a reference to the president’s pledge to take action on an array of issues if Congress doesn’t — to send 1,000 National Guard members to the border.

“Here’s his opportunity to truly lead,” Perry said on “Fox News Sunday”.

More than 52,000 children and teenagers have been caught by Border Patrol agents since last October, with many of them are fleeing violent Central American nations wrapped up in the illegal drug trade.

The White House has asked Congress to approve a $3.7 billion package to address the issue, but the House doesn’t look likely to approve it. House Homeland Security Committee Chairman Michael McCaul, R-Texas, said the lower chamber might be amenable to a “targeted approach,” but that ... Read More

Endless wave of illegal immigrants floods Rio Grande valley

| July 15th, 2014 | No Comments »
FoxNews

By Jana Winter

EXCLUSIVE: McALLEN, Texas — Life jackets of all sizes and the occasional punctured raft are strewn along the banks of the Rio Grande, just south of Mission, Texas, where a relentless onslaught of illegal immigrants eagerly surrender to beleaguered Border Patrol agents around the clock.

It’s a cycle for which there is no end in sight.

“You’re going to be out here a long time,” Fernando, an El Salvadoran child, told FoxNews.com shortly after surrendering to Border Patrol authorities after midnight Saturday. “There are thousands of us.”

With most of the men and women charged with securing the Mexican border busy processing some of the 60,000 illegal immigrants who have made the harrowing – and sometimes deadly -journey to the American border in the past nine months, only a handful of Border Patrol agents drive the riverside loop in a small town called Granjeno just south of Mission, in the Rincon peninsula.

“You’re going ... Read More

Citizens’ security is Latin America’s biggest problem

| July 14th, 2014 | No Comments »
The Economist

PEDRO RODRÍGUEZ, head of Nicaragua’s youth-affairs police, grabs the shoulder of 17-year-old Axel Matus and gives it a shake. “He was one of our worst cases,” he says. In most of Latin America, a youth with Axel’s background—gangs, drugs, knife-fights, joblessness—would cringe at such attention from a burly police commander. But Axel stands bolt upright and admits: “My life was utter chaos.”

Not any more. Axel now attends the Juvenile Affairs police headquarters in Managua, where he is given free meals and tuition every day. Besides subjects like maths and English, he is learning how to be a barber (his blade skills now applied with scissors). Hundreds of troubled kids voluntarily study with him, and the police chief knows most of them by name. They are neatly dressed and ooze self-esteem.

Nicaragua’s police force is in danger of giving socialism a good name. The country is one of the poorest in the ... Read More

The Ongoing Expansion of Organized Crime in the Americas

| July 14th, 2014 | No Comments »
Mexi Data

By Jerry Brewer

Eroding the power, control and influence of violent transnational extremist organizations in this Hemisphere, over the last decade, has been at best a near total failure.

Attributable to this assessment of much more than the intense human carnage, manifested by record breaking murder rates, is the reality of near collapse of societies, instability and ineffective/ungoverned regions, and remaining vulnerable populations – demonstrated most graphically in Central America.

The world’s highest murder rates go to number one Honduras and number three El Salvador, both in Central America. Farther to the south, Venezuela holds the number two position.  And in Argentina violent deaths among youth are at a ten-year high.

Yet there are officials who blindly look south and argue that these threats are not necessarily existential, claiming that they pose no real challenge to borders or national security.

This organized crime-terror nexus has a nucleus and norm of fear, intimidation, extortion, kidnapping, murder, political tampering, and torture. The ... Read More

Fleeing Gangs, Children Head to U.S. Border

| July 11th, 2014 | No Comments »
The New York Times

By FRANCES ROBLES

SAN PEDRO SULA, Honduras — Anthony O. Castellanos disappeared from his gang-ridden neighborhood on the eastern edge of Honduras’s most dangerous city, so his younger brother, Kenneth, hopped on his green bicycle to search for him, starting his hunt at a notorious gang hangout known as the “crazy house.”

They were found within days of each other, both dead. Anthony, 13, and a friend had been shot in the head; Kenneth, 7, had been tortured and beaten with sticks and rocks. They were among seven children murdered in the La Pradera neighborhood of San Pedro Sula in April alone, part of a surge in gang violence that is claiming younger and younger victims.

“The first thing we can think of is to send our children to the United States,” said a mother of two in La Pradera, who declined to give ... Read More

CARDENAS: To secure Southern Border, U.S. must also help secure Central America

| July 10th, 2014 | No Comments »
Article Appeared in The Washington Times

President Obama has requested $3.7 billion in emergency funding to cope with the humanitarian crisis along our southern border, which has been besieged by a surge in unaccompanied minors and thousands more trying to enter the United States from Central America through Mexico.

Clearly, the administration is scrambling to undo the damage caused in part by its own rhetoric and unilateral actions on immigration that, whether intentional or not, sent the calamitous message to desperate families across the region that if you want to get to the United States, then now is the time to come, because some sort of legal status awaits them.

Yet, notwithstanding the considerable sum of money requested from Congress, the administration’s current plan is merely stop-gap. It does nothing to address the primary driver of the problem: the escalating criminality in the region — most of it fueled by drug trafficking to the United States — that ... Read More

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador

| July 10th, 2014 | No Comments »
Heritage Foundation

By Ana Quintana

Current proposals in Congress would cut foreign assistance in response to the crisis at the border. As Congress considers any measures, it should be careful not to disrupt programs that serve U.S. interests and address the security conditions that have contributed to this problem.

In particular, programs such as those run by the Department of Defense and other relevant federal agencies also contribute to security assistance efforts.

Regional Security Conditions

It cannot be denied that Mexico and Central America’s Northern Triangle countries—Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador—are all facing chronic citizen and economic insecurity crises. Rampant corruption and weak state institutions have made it virtually impossible to combat threats posed by violent transnational gangs and organized criminal groups. Coupled with the issue of endemic corruption, the regional debt crises and weak state institutions plague the region. Honduras has the world’s highest homicide rates, averaging 91 per 100,000 citizens. El Salvador is fourth in ... Read More

Carlos Slim to Break Up Mexico’s Leading Telecommunications Firm

| July 10th, 2014 | No Comments »
Article originally appeared in the Wall Street Journal

Billionaire Plans to Divest Part of América Móvil to Avoid Antitrust Regulations

By  ANTHONY HARRUP and  JUAN MONTES MEXICO CITY—More than two decades after acquiring Mexico’s state phone monopoly, Carlos Slim is planning to break up part of his company as new laws seek to loosen his grip on the fixed and mobile telecommunications sector.

His company, América Móvil, AMX.MX -1.09% with operations in Latin America, Europe and the U.S., said Tuesday it will sell assets in Mexico to a new independent operator to cut its market share below 50%, and thereby avoid regulations imposed on it as the dominant player in the market.

Specific regulations faced by América Móvil under Mexico’s new laws include forced network sharing and the elimination of long-distance phone charges and fees for completing calls on its network.

The decision to sell assets came as Mexico’s Congress put the finishing touches on new telecommunications laws to guide the implementation of last year’s constitutional overhaul to increase competition in the telecoms market, ... Read More

Border Patrol union spokesman: Obama request for funds ‘does nothing to secure the border’

| July 9th, 2014 | No Comments »
FoxNews.com

The vice president of the National Border Patrol Council told Fox News’ Greta Van Susteren Tuesday that President Obama’s request of billions of funds to deal with the illegal immigration crisis “does nothing to secure the border.”

Obama on Tuesday sent a massive $3.7 billion request to Congress seeking funds for everything from transportation costs to border enforcement to surveillance to health services.

Shawn Moran said on “On the Record with Greta Van Susteren” he believes the extra funds, if approved, would do nothing to help the situation.

“It seems like a lot of that money is slated towards the back end of this process and I’m going to hearken back to the 80s – where’s the beef?” he said. “Where is the money for border security? This does nothing to secure the border. It just streamlines the end of the process and does nothing to stop this flow of illegal aliens that ... Read More

UN pushes for migrants to be called refugees

| July 8th, 2014 | No Comments »
The Miami Herald

BY ALBERTO ARCE AND MARCOS ALEMAN

THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

SAN JOSE, Costa Rica – United Nations officials are pushing for many of the Central Americans fleeing to the U.S. to be treated as refugees displaced by armed conflict, a designation meant to increase pressure on the United States and Mexico to accept tens of thousands of people currently ineligible for asylum.

Officials with the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees say they hope to see a regional agreement on that status Thursday when migration and interior department representatives from the U.S., Mexico, and Central America meet in Nicaragua. The group will discuss updating a 30-year-old declaration regarding the obligations nations have to aid refugees.

While such a resolution would lack any legal weight in the United States, the agency said it believes “the U.S. and Mexico should recognize that this is a refugee situation, which implies that they shouldn’t be automatically sent to their home countries ... Read More

Who’s to blame for the flood of children at the U.S.-Mexico border?

| July 7th, 2014 | No Comments »
CBS News

By JAKE MILLER

The political battle escalated Sunday over the recent flood of undocumented children at the U.S.-Mexico border, with Republicans blaming President Obama’s failure — or unwillingness — to secure the border, and members of both parties faulting the GOP-led blockade of an immigration reform bill that would strengthen border security.

The administration has blamed the surge in unaccompanied minors on violence and unrest in Central America, particularly in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala, where a growing number of parents have dispatched their children to the U.S., often unaccompanied, in a blind shot at a better future.

Members of both parties agreed that the children must be treated humanely and ultimately sent back to their home countries, but they differed sharply on who should be blamed for the whole mess.

Gov. Rick Perry, R-Texas, said he warned the administration as early as 2010 about the problem of minors showing up at the border, but his warnings ... Read More

Foreigners enthuse over Enrique Peña Nieto’s reforms. Mexicans are warier

| July 3rd, 2014 | No Comments »
The Economist

TWENTY years ago Juan Morales shut his beautifully preserved 19th-century mill in Morelos, a village in Coahuila close to the Texan border, after reductions to subsidies made the flour business unprofitable. Now he hopes the mill will get a new lease of life, thanks to a historic energy reform by President Enrique Peña Nieto (pictured). Instead of producing flour, Mr Morales plans to generate electricity, using water from his millstream and a newly acquired power turbine. For the first time he will be able to sell it to the local grid.

Until now, almost all electricity in the country has been generated by the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), a state monopoly whose smoke-belching plants in Nava, ten miles (16km) away, guzzle so much coal that there are huge tailbacks of the sooty lorries that deliver it. Like Mr Morales, the CFE has its eyes on a brighter future. According to its ... Read More

Mexico’s Pena Nieto Vows to Help Stop Child Migrant Trafficking

| July 1st, 2014 | No Comments »
Bloomberg

By Brendan Case and Eric Martin

Mexico President Enrique Pena Nieto pledged to help put an end to a surge in child migration from Central America to the U.S., attributing the jump to organized crime gangs that smuggle people across the border.

“We’re discouraging this migration of children,” Pena Nieto said in an interview with Charlie Rose taped June 27 and scheduled to air on PBS last night. “I think most of the times, they’re being victims. This is a consequence of the abuse of criminal gangs that are devoted to trafficking with children, or to take migrants to the United States.”

U.S. President Barack Obama yesterday asked Congress for emergency funds and legal authority to stem the rising flow of children into the U.S. and said legislation may be needed to increase penalties for people smuggling them.

More than 52,000 unaccompanied children have arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border this fiscal year through June 15, about double the number ... Read More

Mitsui Aims to Tap Mexico’s Oil and Gas

| June 27th, 2014 | No Comments »
Wall Street Journal WSJ-01

BY MARI IWATA

One of Japan’s biggest energy investors has its eye on Mexico’s oil and natural gas assets, which the country moved to make accessible to foreign firms for the first time in more than 75 years late last year.

Yasuhiro Uchida, a general manager of oil and gas development at Mitsui 8031.TO -0.92% & Co.’s Energy Business Unit I, said the company was “very interested” in investing in the country.

“Mexico has good prospects, large energy reserves, easy access to almost anywhere in the world and free trade agreements with major economies. It also has a young population that will boost growth in the future,” Mr. Uchida told The Wall Street Journal in an interview on Friday.

Mexico is thought to have unexploited oil and gas assets on land and offshore in conventional and shale reserves. Mitsui is looking in particular at shale reserves which span the Texan border with Mexico and ... Read More

USA, Mexico and Central American Cross-Border Security Threats

| June 24th, 2014 | No Comments »
Mexi Data

BY JERRY BREWER

From the borders of the northern tier nations of Central American in this hemisphere, and further north to Mexico and the U.S. border, a diverse mix of irregular, terrorist-like, conventional, and organized criminal capabilities continue to be employed asymmetrically with increase and domination.

The escalating threats to human life and property now know no boundaries within these regions, as well as an aggressive disregard for even the slimmest elements of the rule of law or any respect for neighboring nation’s borders.

Governments appear to have lost any ability to apply coherent and cognitive capabilities or strategic approaches to properly understand, assess and meet these criminal insurgent threats, and the violent and bloody conflicts.

Proactive approaches require agility, speed, and an acute focus towards stopping the ritual slaughter throughout these regions of the Americas. Murder with impunity has claimed the lives thousands of innocents; policemen, senior police and other government officials, as ... Read More

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